SYDNEY – Asian shares crept higher as the dollar eased, with markets turning calmer after a record interest rate hike from the European Central Bank and hawkish comments from the US Federal Reserve Chair reinforced bets of aggressive tightening ahead.

MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan eked out a gain of 0.3 percent early on Friday. But it was headed for a weekly drop of 1.2 percent, battered by a slew of outsized rate hikes from global central banks this week – and the expectations of more to come.

Japan's Nikkei rose 0.3 percent.

Overnight, Wall Street's main indexes posted modest gains after heavy selling earlier in the week. S&P 500 futures rose 0.3 percent and Nasdaq futures was up 0.5 percent, in a sign of improved risk appetite as markets stabilized.

Fed chair Jerome Powell on Thursday said the bank is "strongly committed" to controlling inflation but there remains hope it can be done without the "very high social costs" involved in prior inflation fights.

"With Powell offering little in the way of push-back against market pricing, we think that the FOMC will affirm market expectations. In addition, we now expect a 50 bp (basis point) hike in November, though it is a close call," said analysts at Barclays.

US rate futures have priced in an 86 percent chance the Fed will hike by another 75 basis points at this month's meeting, which would increase the Fed funds rate to 3.0 percent to 3.25 percent. That was up from a 77 percent probability a day earlier.

US Treasury yields climbed slightly on Friday, with the yield on benchmark two-year notes edging 4 basis points higher to 3.5264 percent. The yield on 10-year bonds stood at 3.3284 percent, compared with its previous close of 3.2920 percent.

Across the Atlantic, the European Central Bank raised interest rates by a record 75 basis points and also signaled further hikes to fight inflation, even as the bloc's economy is heading for a likely winter recession.

That sent euro zone government bond yields soaring and supported the euro. Germany's two-year bond yield climbed more than 20 bps to 1.326 percent, its highest since 2011, while 10-year bond yields were up 14 bps to 1.71 percent.

The euro gained 0.5 percent to US$1.0049 and managed to stand above parity with the US dollar.

The dollar eased 0.3 percent against a basket of major currencies.

For the week, though, it has surged 2.6 percent against the rate-sensitive yen. The yen has been a victim of the dovish monetary stance from the Bank of Japan, in contrast with rate hikes elsewhere.

Oil prices turned down in early trade on Friday and were headed for a 4 percent weekly drop on worries that central banks' aggressive rate hikes.

US crude dipped 0.1 percent to US$89.07 a barrel while Brent crude rose to US$89.07 per barrel.

Elsewhere, Britain's new leader, Liz Truss, on Thursday announced a cap on soaring consumer energy bills for two years to cushion the economic shock of conflict in Ukraine. 

Gold was slightly higher. Spot gold was traded at US$1713.99 per ounce.