LONDON — Wall Street’s main indexes opened lower on Wednesday after soaring oil prices fed into fears of higher inflation, while a survey showing a strong rise in private jobs last month fueled concerns of a sooner-than-expected easing of monetary stimulus.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 115.71 points, or 0.34 percent, at the open to 34,198.96. The S&P 500 opened lower by 26.15 points, or 0.60 percent, at 4,319.57, while the Nasdaq Composite dropped 144.38 points, or 1.00 percent, to 14,289.45 at the opening bell.
Globally, shares fell and government bond yields rose across the world.
The Euro STOXX 600 index fell 1.9 percent, denting gains made in its best day in 11 weeks on Tuesday, with travel and leisure and tech stocks leading the slide with losses of between 2.3 percent-3.2 percent. German stocks shed 2.2 percent. The mood was set to hit Wall Street, where US futures gauges pointed to losses of around 1.5 percent.
Weighing on equity markets were oil prices hitting their highest since November 2014, with investors anxious that spiralling energy costs could force central banks to raise rates more quickly to combat rising inflation.
US crude climbed to $79.78 a barrel, with Brent crude rising above $83 – close to a three-year top hit in the previous session – before the market turned negative during London trading hours.
Behind oil’s gains were concerns about energy supply and a decision on Monday by producers to stick to a planned output increase rather than raising it further.
The angst over inflation drove a sell-off in longer-dated US Treasuries and euro zone benchmark debt, and supported the dollar.
“Higher oil – and commodity prices in general in terms of gas and oil – are feeding through into higher bond yields, because it has an inflationary implication,” said Mike Bell, global market strategist at JP Morgan Asset Management.
“The market is looking at that and thinking ‘is there a scenario in which inflation that everyone has said might be transitory, being a little bit more persistent?’”
Benchmark 10-year yields rose 4.5 basis points to hit 1.573 percent during the Asia session, having climbed nearly 11 bps in three days. They were last at 1.5397 percent.
Yields on 20-year and 30-year Treasuries also jumped to their highest since June.
Benchmark euro zone bond yields rose to new highs, with markets fearing inflation will be stickier than expected. Germany’s 10-year yield, the benchmark of the bloc, rose to its highest since late June.
The MSCI world equity index, which tracks shares in 50 countries, fell 0.5 percent. MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan fell 0.1 percent.
“Growth started to peak 3-4 months ago, but between last November and April this year markets got used to every data point exceeding expectations,” said Grace Peters, EMEA head of investment strategy at JP Morgan Private Bank.
“From April to the present day we are getting more data volatility and data that’s more open to interpretation. So the market is concerned about the glide path from here.”
Dollar up, kiwi down
The dollar moved higher against a baschket of major currencies, supported by rising yields, and was heading back towards a one-year high hit last month.
The dollar rose 0.5 percent to 94.427, gaining momentum in morning trading.
Soaring energy prices and bond yields also hit the British pound. The rush for the safe-haven dollar pushed sterling down 0.5 percent to $1.355, with one-month implied volatility jumping to its highest level in seven months.
The New Zealand dollar extended losses as US yields rose, after barely budging on the Reserve Bank of New Zealand lifting its official cash rate for the first time in seven years.
The kiwi was last down 1.1 percent at $0.6896.
The euro was pinned below $1.16 and was last down 0.6 percent, scarcely higher than the 14-month low it struck last week.