LONDON – World shares gained on Wednesday on bets of hefty US spending after US Treasury Secretary nominee Janet Yellen urged lawmakers to “act big” to save the economy and worry about debt later. Oil rose and the dollar slipped in response.

At her confirmation hearing on Tuesday, Yellen said the benefits of a big stimulus package to counter the coronavirus pandemic were greater than the expenses of a higher debt burden.

Pandemic relief would take priority over tax increases, she said, calling for corporations and the wealthy – both winners from Republican tax cuts in 2017 – to “pay their fair share”.

Investors in European equities welcomed the comments, with the Euro STOXX 600 climbing 0.5 percent, gathering steam in morning trading. Indexes in Frankfurt and Paris were up 0.5 percent and 0.2 percent respectively, though London shares were flat.

Luxury stocks gave the biggest boost, with Richemont quarterly sales climbing 5 percent, led by strong growth at its jewellery brands in Asia and the Middle East.

The buoyant mood mirrored that in Asia, where MSCI’s Asia-Pacific index outside Japan rose 1 percent to its highest ever. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng gained 1.1 percent to near its 2019 peak. Australian shares hit a record high.

US President-elect Joe Biden, who will be sworn into office on Wednesday, last week laid out a US$1.9 trillion stimulus package proposal to boost the economy and speed up the distribution of vaccines.

“They realised that there is some limits to what monetary policy can do to effect change in the real economy,” said Shaniel Ramjee, senior investment manager at Pictet Asset Management. “The Fed will continue buying bonds issued by the US Treasury in order to fund the fiscal programs.”

The MSCI world equity index, which tracks shares in almost 50 countries, was last up 0.1 percent.

On Wall Street, Nasdaq futures gained 0.8 percent, as Netflix jumped 12 percent after the close on strong growth in subscribers and projections it will no longer need to raise debt. S&P 500 futures were also up 0.4 percent.

Biden will take office on Wednesday under unprecedented security measures after the Jan. 6 assault on the Capitol.

Defensive dollar

The dollar slipped for a third straight session after Yellen’s comments, losing ground from a one-month high.

Against a basket of currencies, it was last down 0.1 percent at 90.285, having climbed 1.2 percent from a three-year nadir hit two weeks ago.

Positioning data showed investors are overwhelmingly short on the dollar, betting budget and current account deficits will weigh on the greenback.

“We remain bearish US dollar, and expect the downtrend to resume as US real yields top out,” said Ebrahim Rahbari, FX strategist at CitiFX.

Safe-haven gold climbed 0.6 percent to US$1,850 per ounce.

The euro lost a sliver of ground to trade at US$1.2116, and off Monday’s month-and-a-half low. It drew support from an investor sentiment survey that beat forecasts and the Italian government’s surviving a confidence vote.

Italy’s benchmark borrowing costs dropped to their lowest in over a week on Wednesday after Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte narrowly managed to stay in office – albeit now heading a minority government.

Italian 10-year bond yields dropped to their lowest since Jan. 11 – before Conte lost his majority – at 0.533 percent, down 2 basis points on the day.

Oil prices rose on hopes that Biden’s proposed stimulus will lift economic output.

US crude futures added 0.7 percent to US$53.65 a barrel. International benchmark Brent futures rose 0.5 percent to US$56.37 per barrel.