People cross a street in Shibuya area during a rain fall in Tokyo on March 5, 2021 as officials extended the COVID-19 coronavirus state of emergency by a fortnight. (CHARLY TRIBALLEAU / AFP)
PARIS – Global gross domestic product will grow at 5.6 percent this year if vaccination rollouts are fast and effective enough across the world, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said Tuesday.
World output is expected to reach pre-pandemic levels by mid-2021 and the global economy is expected to grow by 4 percent in 2022 after seeing 5.6-percent growth in 2021, said the Paris-based thinktank in its latest Interim Economic Outlook.
The OECD projected the US economy to grow at 6.5 percent in 2021 thanks to "significant fiscal stimulus … along with faster vaccination."
Prospects are brighter in the Asia-Pacific region where several countries have effectively contained the virus and industrial activity has regained dynamism, the OECD said
The OECD forecast that GDP will rise 3.9 percent in the euro area, "where the level of fiscal stimulus is lower and vaccine rollout slower."
Prospects are brighter in the Asia-Pacific region where several countries have effectively contained the virus and industrial activity has regained dynamism, the OECD said.
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"The recovery is likely to be more moderate in the emerging market economies of Latin America and Africa amid a resurgence of the virus, slow vaccine deployment and limited scope for additional policy support," it added.
"Speed is of the essence," said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria. "Vaccines must be deployed faster and globally. This will require better international co-operation and co-ordination than we have seen up to now."
OECD Chief Economist Laurence Boone said vaccination programs and stimulus measures should work hand in hand.
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"Widespread vaccination of the adult population is the best economic policy available today to get our economies and employment growing again," she said.
"If we don't get enough people vaccinated quickly enough to allow restrictions to be lifted, the recovery will be slower and we will undermine the benefits of fiscal stimulus," Boone added.